Studies

Fuel cells and hydrogen are a viable solution for European regions and cities to reduce their emissions and realise their green energy transition, says new FCH JU study. In 2017 the FCH JU launched an initiative to support regions and cities in this regard. Today, 89 regions and cities participate, representing about one quarter of Europe's population, surface area and GDP. These regions are pursuing ambitious plans to deploy FCH technology in the coming years. FCH investments totalling... Read more
This document is the final deliverable of Task 1 of the tender N° FCH / OP / CONTRACT 196: “Development of a Metering Protocol for Hydrogen Refuelling Stations”. Objectives of Task 1 were specified as follow: - Forming a working group or task force with the relevant national institutes, representing a minimum of 3 Member States out of the main countries where HRS are operated; - Coordinating the efforts to develop a testing protocol for the temporary approval of flow meters and HRS; -... Read more
The Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) has supported a range of initiatives in recent years designed to develop hydrogen fuel cell buses to a point where they can fulfil their promise as a mainstream zero emission vehicle for public transport. Within this study, 90 different European cities and regions have been supported in understanding the business case of fuel cell bus deployment and across these locations. The study analyses the funding and financing for fuel cell bus... Read more
Hydrogen is widely recognised as a promising option for storing large quantities of renewable electricity over longer periods. For that reason, in an energy future where renewables are a dominant power source, opportunities for Power to- Hydrogen in the long-term appear to be generally acknowledged. The key challenge today is to identify concrete short-term investment opportunities, based on sound economics and robust business cases. The focus of this study is to identify these early business... Read more
In 2015 the FCH 2 JU procured a survey to collect feedback from FCH JU beneficiaries and FCH main bodies (Governing Board, States Representatives Group and Scientific Committee) on the perceived quality of services offered by the FCH JU Programme Office. The survey was carried out in the form of a questionnaire sent to 793 identified stakeholders with the response rate reaching 30%. With regards to the respondents’ profile, more than 84% are beneficiaries, one third of which are project... Read more
This report summarises the efforts in setting up a joint procurement strategy for the purchase of fuel cell buses in clusters in Europe (Benelux, France, Germany, Northern Europe and UK). Building on the findings of the 2015 FCH JU commercialisation study and working with the clusters, the report also outlines the efforts undertaken to build up the demand. The results indicate that a European effort can be very effective in increasing the demand to where significant price reductions can be... Read more
Hydrogen can be produced from a broad range of renewable energy sources, acting as a unique energy hub providing low or zero emission energy to all energy consuming sectors. Technically and efficiently producing hydrogen from renewable sources is a key enabler for these developments. Traditionally, hydrogen has been produced from fossil sources by steam methane reforming of natural gas. At present, the technology of choice to produce renewable ‘green’ hydrogen is water electrolysis using... Read more
This report provides an outlook for jointly achieving a commercialisation pathway. Building on the findings of the 2012 FCH JU technology study on alternative powertrains for urban buses, this report provides an assessment of the commercialisation pathway from an operational perspective. It reflects the actual situation in which operators deploy large scale demonstration projects in the next years from a rather conservative angle and argues why it makes sense to deploy FC buses now.... Read more
Stationary fuel cells can play a beneficial role in Europe's changing energy landscape The energy systems across Europe face significant challenges as they evolve against the backdrop of an ambitious climate agenda. As energy systems integrate more and more generation capacity from intermittent renewables, numerous challenges arise. Amongst others, Europe's energy systems of the future require new concepts for complementary supply, such as efficient, distributed power generation from natural... Read more
This report was created to ensure a deeper understanding of the role and commercial viability of energy storage in enabling increasing levels of intermittent renewable power generation. It was specifically written to inform thought leaders and decision-makers about the potential contribution of storage in order to integrate renewable energy sources (RES) and about the actions required to ensure that storage is allowed to compete with the other flexibility options on a level playing field.... Read more

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