SOFC CCHP with poly-fuel: operation and maintenance

Framework Programme: 
Call for proposals: 
Application area: 
Stationary power production and CHP
Project Pillar: 

If we consider a new energy framework, based on the concepts of sustainability, energy security using local resources, maximization of the exergy efficiency of the whole system, a possible solution could be based on the following criteria:
• Combined cooling, heat and power (CCHP) plants;
• Small-medium size plants locally distributed;
• Plants with maximization of the energy recovery from the primary sources: maximum exergy efficiency of the whole system;
• Flexibility in the use of local primary sources (biogas, bio-syngas, bio-fuels);
• Easy and efficient CO2 separation from the plant exhaust
Among the technologies which could satisfy these criteria, a new technology is gaining more and more interest: energy systems based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) which, in the medium term, could become one of the most interesting technologies able to address the above criteria.
The proposal is an applied research project devoted to demonstrate the technical feasibility and the energy and environmental advantages of CCHP plants based on SOFC fed by different typologies of biogenous primary fuels (locally produced), also integrated by a process for the CO2 separation from the anode exhaust gases.
The research activity will address the scientific, technical, economical management of two proof-of-concepts of complete energy systems based on SOFCs, through real in-field demonstration units. Several issues will be pointed out, like high efficiency integration designs, impact of pollutants on SOFC and fuel processing units, gas cleaning, operation in CCHP configuration, carbon sequestration module.
The activities developed by each Partner, in the different areas of the proposed research, have the ultimate goal of assembling, testing and validate the two proof-of-concept systems.
In order to guarantee the success of the Demonstration activity, it is also integrated with: Lab-scale Activities (preliminary to the real demonstration activities); Conceptual and Analysis Activities

Project reference: 
SP1-JTI-FCH.2010.3.4: Proof-of-concept and validation of integrated fuel cell systems
Project type: 
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Tuesday, November 1, 2011
End date: 
Thursday, April 30, 2015
36 months (originally), extended to 42 months
Project cost: 
€ 6,250,227.23
Project funding: 
€ 2,937,752.38

Department of Energy, Politecnico di Torino, Italy

Massimo Santarelli
Other participating organisations: 
No Name Short name Country
1 Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus Vtt VTT FINLAND
2 Topsoe Fuel Cell A/S TOFC DENMARK
3 Societa' Metropolitana Acque Torino S.P.A. SMAT ITALY
4 Matgas 2000 A.I.E. MATGAS SPAIN
5 Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche CNR-ITAE ITALY
6 Instytut Energetyki IEN POLAND
7 Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne EPFL SWITZERLAND
8 Technische Universitaet Muenchen TUM GERMANY
9 Universita' Degli Studi Di Torino UNITO ITALY