Innovative automotive MEA Development – implementation of IPHE-GENIE Achievements Targeted at Excellence

Framework Programme: 
Call for proposals: 
Application area: 
Transport and refuelling infrastructure


The objective of the IMMEDIATE project is to develop a medium temperature PEM membrane electrode assembly (MEA) that will fulfil the OEM requirements with respect to cost, performance and durability and at the same time is a significant step towards the ultimate goal of having a PEM FC able to operate at >100°C at minimal RH, Pt loadings

<0.15 g/kW at >55% efficiency and >5,000 h lifetime at dynamic operation.


The European added value of IMMEDIATE is clear. The five individual industry partners have the following expected impact from the IMMEDIATE project:

  • IRD: Expand their MEA portfolio to include automotive MEAs
  • Fumatech: Expand their portfolio to include a medium-high temperature membrane
  • SGL: Further consolidate their commercial position in the GDL market
  • Timcal: Expand their portfolio to include new graphite powders for FCs
  • Volvo: Exploit the results as an end-user

Some results may be used as a spin-off in congener technologies.


The prime focus of IMMEDIATE is to develop high performing MEAs aimed at automotive applications through material R&D & process optimisation. The technical targets  in IMMEDIATE are addressing the JTI targets for automotive MEAs with respect to performance & cost. The project is a continuation of the terminated and very successful FP6 R&D-project: IPHE-GENIE. The IMMEDIATE project approach is based on utilisation and further improvement of the materials and processes. Thus, the approach and the technical IMMEDIATE targets are as follows:

  1. Development of MEAs that show high performance [1 W/cm2 @ UCell=0.68V (hEl=55%)] at low Platinum loadings [0.15g Pt/kW] through:
    1. Development of a membrane with a proton conductivity of at least 0.1 S/cm at 120ºC & 25% RH , a thermal stability up to 160ºC, and low dimensional changes (<10%, wet/dry)
    2. Catalyst development and design
    3. Ionomer and membrane optimisation
    4. Electrode design
    5. GDL optimisation
    6. Process optimisation
  2. Testing of the developed MEAs on single cell and on small stacks level at realistic automotive operating conditions i.e. T=120ºC, RH 25%, P=1.5 bar, yet being able to start from -20°C
  3. Application of automotive AST protocols to make a 5,000 h’s lifetime probable

It is considered that the combination of these targets is both a challenging and significant step forward.

Project reference: 
SP1-JTI-FCH.2011.1.5 Next generation European MEAs for transportation Applications
Project type: 
Research and technological development
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Tuesday, January 1, 2013
End date: 
Thursday, March 31, 2016
36 months (originally), extended to 39 months
Project cost: 
€ 3,685,553
Project funding: 
€ 2,087,390

IRD Fuel Cells A/S, Denmark

Madeleine Odgaard
Other participating organisations: 
Organisation Country
Academy of Prague Czech
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) France
Fuma-Tech Germany
Shanghai Jiao Tong University China
Volvo Technology AB Sweden
SGL Carbon GMBH Germany
JRC - Joint Research Centre, European Commission Belgium
Imerys Graphite and Carbon  Switzerland