Hydrogen Transport in European Cities

Framework Programme: 
Call for proposals: 
Application area: 
Transport and refuelling infrastructure

Key Objectives of the project

The HyTEC project will expand the existing European network of hydrogen demonstration sites into two of the most promising early markets for hydrogen and fuel cells, Denmark and the UK.   The key objectives are: 

  • Demonstrate up to 30 new hydrogen vehicles in the hands of real customers, in three vehicles classes: taxis, passenger cars and scooters.  These will be supported by new hydrogen refuelling facilities, which combine with existing deployments to create two new city based networks for hydrogen fuelling.
  • Analyse the results of the project, with an expert pan-European research team considering full well-to-wheel life cycle impact, demonstrating technical performance of the vehicles and uncovering non-technical barriers to wider implementation.
  • Plan for future commercialisation of the vehicles.
  • Disseminate the results of the project widely to the public to improve hydrogen awareness.


Challenges/issues addressed

The project will implement stakeholder-inclusive vehicle demonstration programmes that specifically address the challenge of transitioning hydrogen vehicles from running exemplars to fully certified vehicles utilised by end-users and moving along the pathway to providing competitive future products.

The results of the project will inform future commercialisation and infrastructure rollout planning by policy makers and industry players. A widespread dissemination campaign will be aimed at improving public awareness of the potential for hydrogen vehicles as a future low carbon transport solution. This will be backed up by a more targeted campaign aiming at industry players, opinion formers and key policy makers across Europe. For the first time, the project will create genuine links between the new and existing European hydrogen demonstration projects, with a view to informing ongoing strategic planning for hydrogen rollout and also ensuring a ‘common voice’ towards the expansion of the hydrogen vehicle fleet in Europe towards


Technical approach/objectives

The project will involve a fleet of 30 state-of-the-art hydrogen fuel cell vehicles operated for two years, in London and Copenhagen, based on:

  • A fleet of state-of-the-art hybrid hydrogen fuel cell LTI ‘black cab’ taxis in London, to be operated by a number of end-users.
  • A fleet of state-of-the-art hybrid hydrogen fuel cell Suzuki scooters in London, to be operated within the London municipal fleet.
  • A fleet of state-of-the-art hydrogen fuel cell OEM passenger cars in Copenhagen, to be used by high profile public bodies in prominent roles, as well as vehicle dissemination tours around Denmark.

In addition, new networks for hydrogen refuelling in each city will be developed, including:

  • A new publicly accessible London refuelling station.
  • The start of a city-wide network for London with associated hydrogen delivery logistics. This deployment will represent a major step forwards in the development of an integrated citywide refuelling infrastructure, designed for high hydrogen throughput required to begin a commercial-rollout.
  • A new publicly accessible Central-Copenhagen refuelling station network.  The city network is to be linked with other major cities in Denmark, contributing to the efforts of securing a countrywide station network beyond 2015.

An extensive research program will assess the technical performance of the vehicles over a two year demonstration period, a life cycle impact assessment of the vehicles will demonstrate the overall well to wheels impacts and social studies will investigate the non-technical barriers.


Expected socio and economic impact

The expected impacts are to:

  • Demonstrate a combined hydrogen vehicle and fuelling system for urban fleet operations.
  • Create links between the new and existing European hydrogen demonstration projects.
  • Improve public awareness of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and their potential in tackling the problem of emissions from transport.
  • Raise the profile of alternative fuel vehicles in the UK and Denmark beyond the current focus on battery electric vehicles.
  • Improve industry engagement with hydrogen fuel cell technology.
  • Catalyse a partnership between industry and Government in both countries, achieved through a new public-private partnership which will report on the next steps to commercialisation.
  • Create two new lighthouse cities in Europe for large-scale vehicle demonstration activities, reducing the burden of responsibility on Germany and catalysing future hydrogen fuel cell vehicle markets beyond a single major European country.
Project reference: 
SP1-JTI-FCH.2010.1.1 - Large-scale demonstration of road vehicles and refuelling infrastructure III
Project type: 
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Thursday, September 1, 2011
End date: 
Monday, August 31, 2015
40 months (originally), extended to 48 months
Project cost: 
€ 29,256,315.91
Project funding: 
€ 11,948,532

Air Products PLC, UK

Diana Raine, European Business Manager, Air Products PLC
Contact email: 
Other participating organisations: 
Element Energy Ltd United Kingdom
HyER Belgium
(LTI Limited) United Kingdom
CENEX – Centre of excellence for low carbon and fuel cell technologies United Kingdom
Greater London Authority United Kingdom
hySOLUTIONS GmbH Germany
MATGAS 2000 A.I.E. Spain
Ludwig-Boelkow-Systemtechnik GmbH Germany
Copenhagen Hydrogen Network AS Denmark
Kobenhavns Kommune Denmark
Foreningen Hydrogen Link Danmark Denmark
Intelligent Energy Ltd United Kingdom
BAA Airports Ltd United Kingdom
London Bus Services Ltd United Kingdom
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Angewandten Forschung E.V Germany
Hyundai Motor Europe Germany
Results or Deliverables files: