Fast, reliable and cost effective boron hydride based high capacity solid state hydrogen storage materials

Framework Programme: 
Call for proposals: 
Application area: 
Hydrogen production & Distribution


BOR4STORE will develop novel cost-efficient boron hydride based hydrogen storage materials with capacities of more than 8 wt.% and 80 kg H2/m3 for specific fuel cell applications, including:

(a) Synthesis and modification of boron hydrides, either single or as Reactive Hydride Composites and Eutectic Mixtures;

(b) Systematic investigation of special catalysts and additives, and;

(c) Adaptation of nanoporous scaffolding to optimise performance. Moreover, an integrated laboratory storage - SOFC prototype will be set up, representing e.g. stationary power supplies.


High capacity hydrogen storage at low pressure <10 MPa. High overall energy efficiency due to energetic integration with fuel cell and low hydrogen compression. Cost target 500 €/kg of stored hydrogen by use of cost effective raw materials and simple tank construction.


Only boron hydride based hydrogen storage materials exhibit the necessary high hydrogen storage capacities (more than 120 kg H2/m3 and up to 18 wt %). It is highest among all known hydrogen storage materials suitable for gas phase loading and discharge inside the tank. To overcome their current deficits (loading and unloading times, cycling stability, cost), BOR4STORE will take the following steps:

  • Synthesize novel boron hydride based materials (e. g. bi- and tri-metal boron hydrides, anion substituted materials) and composites (e.g. Eutectically Melting Composites (EMC)) with high hydrogen storage capacities >8 wt.% and >80 kg H2/m3 and evaluate their suitability for practical application;
  • Accelerate reaction kinetics and adjust reaction temperatures appropriately to supply a SOFC with sufficient hydrogen pressure and flow at acceptable rehydrogenation times of 1 hour or below;
  • Enhance the cycling stability of the materials to several 1000 cycles by suitable additives as well as by scaffolding the storage material in pore size optimized nanoporous materials to tailor reaction pathways, prevent phase separation and retain a high storage density;
  • Decrease material cost to reach the long term target of < 50 €/kg in large scale production, by (a) developing cost effective materials synthesis routes, and (b) systematically investigating the effects of impurities on storage properties to enable the use of more cost effective raw materials with less stringent requirements on purity, and;
  • Demonstrate the suitability, high energy and cost efficiency of a boron hydride based laboratory prototype tank and supply a small SOFC as a model for a continuous power supply for specific applications like net independent telephone or weather stations, UPS systems for lighting and control, CHP, potentially also being a model for APU’s for trains or ships and other portable applications.
Project reference: 
SP1-JTI-FCH.2011.2.4 Novel H2 storage materials for stationary and portable applications
Project type: 
Research and technological development
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Sunday, April 1, 2012
End date: 
Wednesday, September 30, 2015
36 months (originally), extended to 42 months
Project cost: 
€ 4,070,711.30
Project funding: 
€ 2,273,682

Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany

Dr. Klaus Taube
Contact email: 
Other participating organisations: 
Organisation Country
Abengoa Hidrógeno S.A. Spain
Zoz GmbH. Germany
Katchem spol. s r.o. Czech Republic
Aarhus Universitet Denmark
Institutt for Energieteknikk Norway
Università degli Studi di Torino Italy
Eidgenössische Materialprüfungs- und Forschungsanstalt Switzerland
National Centre for Scientific Research “Demokritos” Greece


Results or Deliverables files: 
Publisheable Reports: 
Please refer to the European Commission Cordis website for project publications, including public deliverables, publishable reports and references to patents and peer-reviewed publications. Please go to the Cordis link listed above under "project links" (top-right of this page)
Rapee Gosalawit-Utke , Chiara Milanese , Payam Javadian , Alessandro Girella , Daniel Laipple , Julián Puszkiel , Alice S. Cattaneo , Chiara Ferrara; 2LiBH4–MgH2–0.13TiCl4 confined in nanoporous structure of carbon aerogel scaffold for reversible hydrogen storage
P. Moretto , C. Zlotea , F. Dolci , A. Amieiro , J.-L. Bobet , A. Borgschulte , D. Chandra , H. Enoki , P. De Rango , D. Fruchart , J. Jepsen , M. Lat; A Round Robin Test exercise on hydrogen absorption/desorption properties of a magnesium hydride based material
Lars H. Jepsen , Morten B. Ley , Young-Su Lee , Young Whan Cho , Martin Dornheim , Jens Oluf Jensen , Yaroslav Filinchuk , Jens Erik Jørgensen , Flem; Boron–nitrogen based hydrides and reactive composites for hydrogen storage
Olena Zavorotynska , Stefano Deledda , Jenny Vitillo , Ivan Saldan , Matylda Guzik , Marcello Baricco , John Walmsley , Jiri Muller , Bjørn Hauback;Combined X-ray and Raman Studies on the Effect of Cobalt Additives on the Decomposition of Magnesium Borohydride
Julian Jepsen , Chiara Milanese , Alessandro Girella , Gustavo A. Lozano , Claudio Pistidda , José M. Bellosta von Colbe , Amedeo Marini , Thomas Kla; Compaction pressure influence on material properties and sorption behaviour of LiBH4–MgH2 composite
Morten B. Ley , Lars H. Jepsen , Young-Su Lee , Young Whan Cho , José M. Bellosta von Colbe , Martin Dornheim , Masoud Rokni , Jens Oluf Jensen , Mik; Complex hydrides for hydrogen storage – new perspectives
Federico Franco , Marcello Baricco , Michele R. Chierotti , Roberto Gobetto , Carlo Nervi; Coupling Solid-State NMR with GIPAW ab Initio Calculations in Metal Hydrides and Borohydrides
M. Chong , E. Callini , A. Borgschulte , A. Züttel , C. M. Jensen; Dehydrogenation studies of the bimetallic borohydrides
Rapee Gosalawit-Utke , Sukanya Meethom , Claudio Pistidda , Chiara Milanese , Daniel Laipple , Thanit Saisopa , Amedeo Marini , Thomas Klassen , Marti; Destabilization of LiBH4 by nanoconfinement in PMMA–co–BM polymer matrix for reversible hydrogen storage
Rapee Gosalawit–Utke , Sophida Thiangviriya , Payam Javadian , Daniel Laipple , Claudio Pistidda , Nils Bergemann , Christian Horstmann , Torben R.; Effective nanoconfinement of 2LiBH4–MgH2 via simply MgH2 premilling for reversible hydrogen storages
Claudio Pistidda , Daphiny Pottmaier , Fahim Karimi , Sebastiano Garroni , Agnieszka Rzeszutek , Martin Tolkiehn , Maximilian Fichtner , Wiebke Lohstr; Effect of NaH/MgB2 ratio on the hydrogen absorption kinetics of the system NaH + MgB2
C. Pistidda , F. Karimi , S. Garroni , A. Rzeszutek , C. Bonatto Minella , C. Milanese , T. T. Le , L. H. Rude , J. Skibsted , T. R. Jensen , C. Horst; Effect of the Partial Replacement of CaH 2 with CaF 2 in the Mixed System CaH 2 + MgB 2
Payam Javadian , Torben R. Jensen; Enhanced hydrogen reversibility of nanoconfined LiBH4–Mg(BH4)2
Mark Paskevicius , Morten B. Ley , Drew A. Sheppard , Torben R. Jensen , Craig E. Buckley; Eutectic melting in metal borohydrides
C. Pistidda , A. Santoru , S. Garroni , N. Bergemann , A. Rzeszutek , C. Horstmann , D. Thomas , T. Klassen , M. Dornheim; First Direct Study of the Ammonolysis Reaction in the Most Common Alkaline and Alkaline Earth Metal Hydrides by in Situ SR-PXD
O. Zavorotynska , I. Saldan , S. Hino , T. D. Humphries , S. Deledda , B. C. Hauback; Hydrogen cycling in γ-Mg(BH 4 ) 2 with cobalt-based additives
A. Ampoumogli , G. Charalambopoulou , P. Javadian , B. Richter , T.R. Jensen , Th. Steriotis; Hydrogen desorption and cycling properties of composites based on mesoporous carbons and a LiBH4–Ca(BH4)2 eutectic mixture
Bjarne R. S. Hansen , Dorthe B. Ravnsbæk , Jørgen Skibsted , Torben R. Jensen; Hydrogen reversibility of LiBH4–MgH2–Al composites
Bjarne R. S. Hansen , Dorthe B. Ravnsbæk , Daniel Reed , David Book , Carsten Gundlach , Jørgen Skibsted , Torben R. Jensen; Hydrogen Storage Capacity Loss in a LiBH 4 –Al Composite
G.N. Kalantzopoulos , J.G. Vitillo , E. Albanese , E. Pinatel , B. Civalleri , S. Deledda , S. Bordiga , M. Baricco , B.C. Hauback; Hydrogen storage of Mg–Zn mixed metal borohydrides
Payam Javadian , Drew A. Sheppard , Craig E. Buckley , Torben R. Jensen; Hydrogen storage properties of nanoconfined LiBH4–Ca(BH4)2
Payam Javadian , Drew A. Sheppard , Craig E. Buckley , Torben R. Jensen; Hydrogen storage properties of nanoconfined LiBH4–NaBH4
C. Pistidda , N. Bergemann , J. Wurr , A. Rzeszutek , K.T. Møller , B.R.S. Hansen , S. Garroni , C. Horstmann , C. Milanese , A. Girella , O. Metz ,; Hydrogen storage systems from waste Mg alloys
Nina Busch , Julian Jepsen , Claudio Pistidda , Julián A. Puszkiel , Fahim Karimi , Chiara Milanese , Martin Tolkiehn , Anna-Lisa Chaudhary , Thomas; Influence of milling parameters on the sorption properties of the LiH–MgB2 system doped with TiCl3
Elisa Albanese , Bartolomeo Civalleri , Silvia Casassa , Marcello Baricco; Investigation on the Decomposition Enthalpy of Novel Mixed Mg (1– x ) Zn x (BH 4 ) 2 Borohydrides by Means of Periodic DFT Calculations
Olena Zavorotynska , Stefano Deledda , Guanqiao Li , Motoaki Matsuo , Shin-ichi Orimo , Bjørn C. Hauback; Isotopic Exchange in Porous and Dense Magnesium Borohydride
Bo Richter , Dorthe B. Ravnsbæk , Nikolay Tumanov , Yaroslav Filinchuk , Torben R. Jensen; Manganese borohydride; synthesis and characterization
Nils Bergemann , Claudio Pistidda , Chiara Milanese , Alessandro Girella , Bjarne R.S. Hansen , Johannes Wurr , José M. Bellosta von Colbe , Julian J; NaAlH4 production from waste aluminum by reactive ball milling
Rapee Gosalawit-Utke , Chiara Milanese , Payam Javadian , Julian Jepsen , Daniel Laipple , Fahim Karmi , Julián Puszkiel , Torben R. Jensen , Amedeo; Nanoconfined 2LiBH4–MgH2–TiCl3 in carbon aerogel scaffold for reversible hydrogen storage
D. B. Ravnsbæk , E. A. Nickels , R. Černý , C. H. Olesen , W. I. F. David , P. P. Edwards , Y. Filinchuk , T. R. Jensen; Novel Alkali Earth Borohydride Sr(BH 4 ) 2 and Borohydride-Chloride Sr(BH 4 )Cl
Fahim Karimi , P. Klaus Pranzas , Armin Hoell , Ulla Vainio , Edmund Welter , Vikram S. Raghuwanshi , Claudio Pistidda , Martin Dornheim , Thomas Klas; Structural analysis of calcium reactive hydride composite for solid state hydrogen storage
I. Saldan , S. Hino , T. D. Humphries , O. Zavorotynska , M. Chong , C. M. Jensen , S. Deledda , B. C. Hauback; Structural Changes Observed during the Reversible Hydrogenation of Mg(BH 4 ) 2 with Ni-Based Additives
Claudio Pistidda , Emilio Napolitano , Daphiny Pottmaier , Martin Dornheim , Thomas Klassen , Marcello Baricco , Stefano Enzo; Structural study of a new B-rich phase obtained by partial hydrogenation of 2NaH + MgB2
Nicholas P. Stadie , Elsa Callini , Bo Richter , Torben R. Jensen , Andreas Borgschulte , Andreas Züttel; Supercritical N 2 Processing as a Route to the Clean Dehydrogenation of Porous Mg(BH 4 ) 2
Nicholas P. Stadie , Elsa Callini , Philippe Mauron , Andreas Borgschulte , Andreas Züttel; Supercritical Nitrogen Processing for the Purification of Reactive Porous Materials
K. Suarez-Alcantara , M. H. Sørby , C. Pistidda , F. Karimi , I. Saldan , B. C. Hauback , T. Klassen , M. Dornheim; Synchrotron Diffraction Studies of Hydrogen Absorption/Desorption on CaH 2 + MgB 2 Reactive Hydride Composite Mixed With Fluorinated Compounds
E. Albanese , G.N. Kalantzopoulos , J.G. Vitillo , E. Pinatel , B. Civalleri , S. Deledda , S. Bordiga , B.C. Hauback , M. Baricco; Theoretical and experimental study on Mg(BH4)2–Zn(BH4)2 mixed borohydrides
Andreas G. Yiotis , Michael E. Kainourgiakis , Lefteris I. Kosmidis , Georgia C. Charalambopoulou , Athanassios K. Stubos; Thermal coupling potential of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with metal hydride tanks: Thermodynamic and design considerations towards integrated systems
E.R. Pinatel , E. Albanese , B. Civalleri , M. Baricco; Thermodynamic modelling of Mg(BH4)2
Elsa Callini , Andreas Borgschulte , Cedric L. Hugelshofer , Anibal J. Ramirez-Cuesta , Andreas Züttel; The Role of Ti in Alanates and Borohydrides: Catalysis and Metathesis
Gustavo A. Lozano , Jose M. Bellosta von Colbe , Thomas Klassen , Martin Dornheim; Transport phenomena versus intrinsic kinetics: Hydrogen sorption limiting sub-process in metal hydride beds
Radovan Černý , Pascal Schouwink , Yolanda Sadikin , Katarina Stare , L’ubomír Smrčok , Bo Richter , Torben R. Jensen; Trimetallic Borohydride Li 3 MZn 5 (BH 4 ) 15 (M = Mg, Mn) Containing Two Weakly Interconnected Frameworks