Stationary Power Production and Combined Heat and Power

SOFC-Life

Long-term stable operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) is a basic requirement for introducing this technology to the stationary power market. Degradation phenomena limiting the lifetime can be divided into continuous (baseline) and incidental (transient) effects. This project is concerned with understanding the details of the major SOFC continuous degradation effects and developing models that will predict single degradation phenomena and their combined effect on SOFC cells and single repeating units. The planar SOFC cell and stack is deconstructed into single elements and interfaces...

RAMSES

The RAMSES project aims at developing an innovative high performance, robust, durable and cost-effective Solid Oxide Fuel Cell based on the Metal Supported Cell concept, i.e. the deposition of thin ceramic electrodes and electrolyte on a porous metallic substrate. The objective is to develop a SOFC cell with an improved lifetime thanks to the low operating temperature (600°C) while achieving high performances by applying advanced low-temperature electrodes and electrolyte materials. The Metal Supported Cell concept (MSC) will in addition reduce statistically based mechanical failures,...

NH34PWR

The technology of mobile telecommunications has reached a level of maturity in those industrial regions wherein a reliable electrical grid powers the mobile base station infrastructure. The absence of a grid in many global regions presents market needs for remote power units providing cleanly generated electricity more cost effectively than hitherto. A fuel cell based system is proposed which obviates the hydrogen fuel infrastructure problem by employing a novel solution based on anhydrous liquid ammonia. This is a widely available commodity. Thus, a novel catalytic cracker will convert the...

LOTUS

Since the requirements of micro-CHP systems in the European Union are becoming clearer, the technologies to reach these goals are emerging steadily. The high intrinsic electrical efficiency and the capability to be directly connected to existing heating circuits, make solid oxide fuel cells a preferred choice for this application. This proposal describes the project to build a prototype of a new generation SOFC system based on novel materials, which can run at significantly lower temperatures than today. The lower temperatures provide the opportunity to use less expensive materials and...

PREMIUM ACT

Premium Act is an ambitious project on the durability of PEFC (Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells), targeting one of the main hurdles still to overcome before successful market development of stationary fuel cell systems. PEFC systems are now very near, or even already comply with market requirements for cost and performance. But durability targets, up to several tens of thousands of hours, are much more difficult to reach. Premium Act proposes a very innovative approach, combining original experimental work on PEFC systems, stacks and MEAs (Membrane Electrodes Assembly), including locally...

FC-EuroGrid

It has become apparent in the development of the Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) Multi Annual Implementation Plan (MAIP) and Annual Implementation Plans (API) that it is difficult to formulate precise targets and requirements for stationary fuel cell applications due to the complicated interaction of FC system operation with grid specifics and the differing goals of FC implementation in the Member States. Neither for efficiency and emission levels, for example, nor for more technical specifications like cycling ability and turn-down ratio can clear targets be set and...

MAESTRO

Perfluorosulfonic acid ionomers (PFSA) demonstrate excellent properties in terms of chemical resistance in a fuel cell environment. In stationary applications, where the situation of deep MEA dehydration and frequent open circuit voltage events can be reasonably avoided, the most relevant failure mode in extended life time operation is associated with membrane mechanical failure. The objective of MAESTRO is toimprove the mechanical properties of low equivalent weight state of the art perfluorosulfonic acid membranes using chemical and thermal processing and filler reinforcement methodologies...

ASSENT

The high temperature fuel cell technologies have potential for high electrical efficiency, 45-60%, and total efficiency up to 95%. SOFC has the added benefit of offering commercial applications from 1 kW residential to several MW stationary units with high fuel flexibility. Whilst much effort is devoted to cell and stack issues, less attention has been paid to the components and sub-systems required for an operational system. Components and sub-systems such as fuel processing, heat and thermal management, humidification, fluid supply and management and power electronics are as crucial to the...

KEEPEMALIVE

Small scale stationary Combined Heat and Power (µ-CHP) generation is foreseen as a significant future market for fuel cells. Among the fuel cell types, the Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) technology is by far dominating the small scale stationary demonstration and field trials (~90%). The PEMFC has advantages related to high electric efficiency and excellent load following properties. A major hurdle to commercialisation, however, is their insufficient lifetime under realistic operation conditions. KEEPEMALIVE aims to establish improved understanding of degradation and...

MCFC-CONTEX

Reducing the carbon footprint of our society is imperative. This can be achieved by capturing and confining anthropogenic CO2 emissions as well as by replacing fossil-based fuels with renewable or waste-derived fuels. MCFCs are unique in being able to do both these things. Thanks to their operating principle, CO2 can be extracted from a gas stream on the cathode side and hydrocarbon fuels like biogas can be converted to electricity on the anode side. However, the degradation caused by the contaminants in these gases must be addressed. MCFC-CONTEX aims to tackle this problem from two sides: 1...

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