Hydrogen fuel Quality for transportation and other energy applications
Faced to the increased global energy demand and to environmental concerns, the concept of using hydrogen as fuel has shown a real potential. Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) appear to be the best hydrogen-based energy conversion devices for a wide range of applications from portable to vehicles. The performances and durability of such a device is affected by the quality of the reactive gases. Depending on the way to produce and purify hydrogen, it can contain different kind of pollutants which impact the performances and the durability of PEMFC. The purpose of HyQ consists of pre-normative studies to provide a strong support to Regulation Codes and Standards organisations in order to normalize an acceptable fuel quality for PEMFC. This project focuses mainly on transport applications but will also deal with stationary application. Such a standard is a pre-requisite for the hydrogen based energy technology enabling the industry to move towards a mass market. HyQ project allows a strong involvement of Europe in the standardisation of hydrogen fuel quality for PEMFC for vehicle applications.
These pre-normative studies on the specification of hydrogen fuel quality result in one hand in validated methods to quantify the impact of hydrogen impurities on EPMFC and in another hand in the determination of acceptable levels of hydrogen contaminants to maintain performance and durability expected by the end-users. In parallel, another outcome of the HyQ project consists in validated sampling and analytical methods to measure and guarantee the hydrogen quality.