FUEL CELL COUPLED SOLID STATE HYDROGEN STORAGE TANK

SSH2S
Project Information
Framework Programme: 
FP7
Call for proposals: 
2009
Application area: 
Hydrogen production & Distribution
Logo: 

The main objective of SSH2S is to develop a full tank-FC integrated system according to the requirements of the call and to demonstrate its application on a real system. A new class of material for hydrogen storage (i.e. MM'(BH4)n mixed boroydrides) as well as an allready known system (Li-Mg-N-H) will be explored. A new concept of solid state hydrogen tank (i.e. combination of two materials) will be investigated. The application of hydrogen tank on real system will be experimented with a 1 kW prototype on High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (HTPEM) fuel cells. On the basis of the results obtained in the first part of the project, a ON/OFF milestone will be considered. If suitable performances will be obtained for the prototype integrated system, a scale up of the tank will be applied to a 5 kW APU.

The final goal is to clearly demonstrate the applicability of the proposed integrated system in real applications. This final step in the project will allow a critical analysis of the system cost.  For this goal, a consortium has been developed with the following expertises:

• Materials development, synthesis and characterisation: UNITO, IFE, KIT, JRC

• Tank design and production: DLR, TD, KIT, UNITO, JRC

• Tank-FC integration and demonstration: DLR, TD, SER, CRF, UNITO

The consortium is well balanced among research centres, for basic materials research and modelling, and industries, for system development and test. All research centres are members of N.ERGHY and one industry is member of the IG of the FCH-JU. Two industries are SME.

Project details
Project reference: 
256653
Topic: 
Topic SP1-JTI-FCH.2009.2.4: Improved solid state H2 storage systems
Project type: 
Research and technological development
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Tuesday, February 1, 2011
End date: 
Tuesday, March 31, 2015
Duration: 
42months (originally), extended to 50 months
Project cost: 
€ 3,501,748.45
Project funding: 
€ 1,595,685
Coordinator: 

Universita di Torino, Italy

Contact: 
Prof. Marcello BARICCO
Other participating organisations: 
IFE– Institute for Energy Technology Norway
KIT -  Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Germany
DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. Germany
TD – Tecnodelta s.r.l. Italy
SER - Serenergy A/S Denmark
CRF - Centro Ricerche Fiat Italy
JRC - Joint Research Centre of European Commission Belgium
Patents and Publications
Patents: 
Patent DE102012100875A1, I.Utz, M. Linder, Storing hydrogen in high-temperature-storage medium, comprises passing hydrogen to low-temperature storage medium to form metal hydride and to -high-temperature-storage medium that is heated to threshold temperature to form complex hydride
Publications: 
I. Utz , N. Schmidt , A. Wörner , J.J. Hu , O. Zabara , M. Fichtner, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 01/03/2011, 3556-3565, "Experimental results of an air-cooled lab-scale H2 storage tank based on sodium alanate"
Jianjiang Hu , Shuhua Ren , Raiker Witter , Maximilian Fichtner, Advanced Energy Materials 01/05/2012, 560-568, "Catalytic Influence of Various Cerium Precursors on the Hydrogen Sorption Properties of NaAlH4"
I. Utz , M. Linder , N. Schmidt , J.J. Hu , M. Fichtner , A. Wörner, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 01/05/2012, 7645-7653, "Experimental study of powder bed behavior of sodium alanate in a lab-scale H2 storage tank with flow-through mode"
Jianjiang Hu , Alexander Pohl , Shumao Wang , Jörg Rothe , Maximilian Fichtner, Journal of Physical Chemistry C 27/09/2012, 20246-20253, "Additive Effects of LiBH 4 and ZrCoH 3 on the Hydrogen Sorption of the Li-Mg-N-H Hydrogen Storage System"
N. Boucharat , D. Wang , E. G. Bardají , M. Fichtner , W. Lohstroh, Journal of Physical Chemistry C 07/06/2012, 11877-11885, "Effect of a Ti-Based Additive on the Desorption in Isotope-Labeled LiB(H,D) 4 –Mg(H,D) 2 Nanocomposites"
Carsten Pohlmann , Lars Röntzsch , Jianjiang Hu , Thomas Weißgärber , Bernd Kieback , Maximilian Fichtner, Journal of Power Sources 01/05/2012, 173-179, "Tailored heat transfer characteristics of pelletized LiNH2–MgH2 and NaAlH4 hydrogen storage materials"
Ulrich Ulmer , Jianjiang Hu , Matthias Franzreb , Maximilian Fichtner, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 01/02/2013, 1439-1449, "Preparation, scale-up and testing of nanoscale, doped amide systems for hydrogen storage"
E. Albanese , G.N. Kalantzopoulos , J.G. Vitillo , E. Pinatel , B. Civalleri , S. Deledda , S. Bordiga , B.C. Hauback , M. Baricco, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 01/12/2013, S282-S286, "Theoretical and experimental study on Mg(BH4)2–Zn(BH4)2 mixed borohydrides"
I. Bürger , C. Luetto , M. Linder, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 01/05/2014, 7346-7355, "Advanced reactor concept for complex hydrides: Hydrogen desorption at fuel cell relevant boundary conditions"
I. Bürger , L. Komogowski , M. Linder, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 01/04/2014, 7030-7041, "Advanced reactor concept for complex hydrides: Hydrogen absorption from room temperature"
I. Bürger , J.J. Hu , J.G. Vitillo , G.N. Kalantzopoulos , S. Deledda , M. Fichtner , M. Baricco , M. Linder, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 01/05/2014, 8283-8292, "Material properties and empirical rate equations for hydrogen sorption reactions in 2 LiNH2–1.1 MgH2–0.1 LiBH4–3 wt.% ZrCoH3"
Maha Bhouri , Inga Bürger , Marc Linder, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 01/10/2014, 17726-17739, "Optimization of hydrogen charging process parameters for an advanced complex hydride reactor concept"
Jörg Weiss-Ungethüm , Inga Bürger , Niko Schmidt , Marc Linder , Josef Kallo, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 01/04/2014, 5931-5941, "Experimental investigation of a liquid cooled high temperature proton exchange membrane (HT-PEM) fuel cell coupled to a sodium alanate tank"
Jianjiang Hu , Raiker Witter , Huaiyu Shao , Michael Felderhoff , Maximilian Fichtner, Journal of Materials Chemistry A 01/01/2014, 66-72, "Beneficial effects of stoichiometry and nanostructure for a LiBH 4 –MgH 2 hydrogen storage system"
G.N. Kalantzopoulos , J.G. Vitillo , E. Albanese , E. Pinatel , B. Civalleri , S. Deledda , S. Bordiga , M. Baricco , B.C. Hauback, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 01/12/2014, S702-S705, "Hydrogen storage of Mg–Zn mixed metal borohydrides"
Elisa Albanese , Bartolomeo Civalleri , Silvia Casassa , Marcello Baricco, Journal of Physical Chemistry C 16/10/2014, 23468-23475, "Investigation on the Decomposition Enthalpy of Novel Mixed Mg (1– x ) Zn x (BH 4 ) 2 Borohydrides by Means of Periodic DFT Calculations"
Georgios N. Kalantzopoulos , Matylda N. Guzik , Stefano Deledda , Richard H. Heyn , Jiri Muller , Bjørn C. Hauback, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 01/01/2014, 20483-20491, "Destabilization effect of transition metal fluorides on sodium borohydride"
I. Bürger , M. Bhouri , M. Linder, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 01/06/2015, 7072-7082, "Considerations on the H2 desorption process for a combination reactor based on metal and complex hydrides"
Maha Bhouri , Inga Bürger , Marc Linder, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 01/06/2015, 6626-6638, "Numerical investigation of hydrogen charging performance for a combination reactor with embedded metal hydride and coolant tubes"
E.R. Pinatel , E. Albanese , B. Civalleri , M. Baricco, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 01/01/2015, ., "Thermodynamic modelling of Mg(BH4)2"
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