Evolved materials and innovative design for high-performance, durable and reliable SOFC cell and stack

Project Information
Framework Programme: 
Call for proposals: 
Application area: 
Stationary power production and CHP


EVOLVE aims at the development, the up-scaling and the demonstration of new SOFC architecture for mobile applications. This architecture, based on a composite anode substrate that is tolerant towards redox cycles aims at combining the benefits of both existing Anode and Metal supported cell architecture and limiting the issue of carbon coking and sulphur tolerance as a result of improved anode materials.


This concept is expected to offer a performance level comparable to main stream commercial anode supported cells with enhanced robustness and durability. Due to the system’s tolerance toward the redox cycle, coking and sulphur poisoning, the cell design is expected to lead to a simplified and cost-effective balance of plant. The development of a trans-discipline scientific aspect on the basics of material science, processing, electrochemistry, fundamental modelling, and production and system engineering for technological development beyond the SOFC field is also expected.


EVOLVE focuses on an innovative concept for SOFC, particularly for the anode compartment, incorporating advanced materials with an approach in which each material performs a single function and enables cell operation at reduced temperature of 750°C. This concept is expected to enhance the durability and reliability of SOFC while exhibiting performance levels which are equivalent to mainstream anode supported cells. SOFC cells with an innovative anode compartment will be developed, reaching the following milestone criteria:

  • Power densities of cells at 0,7V at 750°C above 550mW/cm² with hydrogen as fuel gas.
  • Degradation in cell voltage 0,25%, 0,6% and 1,5% per kh during operation with hydrogen as fuel, syngas and syngas with at least 80ppm of H2S respectively.
  • Tolerance to withstand at least 50 thermal and redox cycles with less than 5% degradation in cell voltage

In the latter part, the project will move from a scientific basis toward pre-industrial development, in which the objectives are to:

  • Demonstrate the up-scalability of cells having the performance level defined in objectives 1-3
  • Integrate cells in 250W stacks and its operation
  • Use a realistic model of cost analysis, establishing processing sequences and practices for the cell components in order to attain an optimal cost-to-quality ratio.

The cell will be supported on a novel composite anode-current-collector made of alumina-forming-alloy-foam impregnated with conductive ceramics. An anode layer of LSCM-CGO and YSZ electrolyte will be produced on top of the support followed by sintering. CGO and CGO-LSCF will be deposited on top of an electrolyte. Catalysts will be the inserted in the electrodes. The development will be based on correlating material, processing, microstructure and electrochemical performance and cell optimization in term of performance and service life, by combining experimental work with models for a 3D microstructure, electrochemical kinetics and sintering. Based on these optimized processing protocols, up-scaled cells will be stacked.

Project details
Project reference: 
SP1-JTI-FCH.2011.3.1: Next generation stack and cell design
Project type: 
Research and technological development
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Thursday, November 1, 2012
End date: 
Friday, March 31, 2017
48 months (originally), extended to 51 months
Project cost: 
€ 5,805,373.80
Project funding: 
€ 3,105,093

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V., Germany

Dr. Rémi Costa
Contact email: 
Other participating organisations: 
Organisation Country
Alantum Europe GmbH Germany
Associations pour la recherche et le développement des méthodes et processus industriels (ARMINES)      France
Ceramic Powder Technology A.S. Norway
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Italy
Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble France
Saan Energi A.B. Sweden
Ceraco Ceramic Coating GmbH Germany


Patents and Publications
EP3022789; A FUEL CELL AND A SUPPORT LAYER THEREFORE; Saan Energi AB; https://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?CC=EP&NR=3022789A1&KC=A1&FT=D#
Vitaliy Yurkiv , Guillaume Constantin , Aitor Hornes , Angela Gondolini , Elisa Mercadelli , Alessandra Sanson , Laurent Dessemond , Rémi Costa Journal of Power Sources Vol. 287 Towards understanding surface chemistry and electrochemistry of La0.1Sr0.9TiO3-α based solid oxide fuel cell anodes
François Willot , Bassam Abdallah , Yves-Patrick Pellegrini International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering Vol. 98/Issue 7 Fourier-based schemes with modified Green operator for computing the electrical response of heterogeneous media with accurate local fields
B. Abdallah , F. Willot , D. Jeulin Transport in Porous Media Vol. 109/Issue 3 Stokes Flow Through a Boolean Model of Spheres: Representative Volume Element
Angela Gondolini , Elisa Mercadelli , Guillaume Constantin , Laurent Dessemond , Vitaliy Yurkiv , Rémi Costa , Alessandra Sanson Journal of the European Ceramic Society in press On the manufacturing of low temperature activated Sr 0.9 La 0.1 TiO 3-δ -Ce 1-x Gd x O 2-δ anodes for solid oxide fuel cell
F. Willot , B. Abdallah , D. Jeulin Oil and Gas Science and Technology Vol. 71/Issue 4 The Permeability of Boolean Sets of Cylinders
R. Costa , A. Ansar ECS Transactions Vol. 57/Issue 1 Evolved Materials and Innovative Design for High Performance, Durable and Reliable SOFC Cell and Stack Presentation and Status of the European Project EVOLVE
F. Han , R. Semerad , G. Constantin , L. Dessemond , R. Costa ECS Transactions Vol. 68/Issue 1 Beyond the 3rd Generation of Planar SOFC: Development of Metal Foam Supported Cells with Thin Film Electrolyte
Aziz Nechache , Feng Han , Robert Semerad , Guenter Schiller , Rémi Costa ECS Transactions Vol. 78/Issue 1 Evaluation of Performance and Degradation Profiles of a Metal Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell under Electrolysis Operation
V. Yurkiv , G. Constantin , A. Gondolini , E. Mercadelli , A. Sanson , L. Dessemond , R. Costa ECS Transactions Vol. 68/Issue 1 Evaluation of the Influence of Nickel Addition on LST-CGO Based Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes Performance
M. Xu , D. Masson , D. Ryckelynck , A. Chesnaud , A. Thorel ECS Transactions Vol. 68/Issue 1 Modelling and Prediction of Deformation during Sintering of a Metal Foam Based SOFC (EVOLVE)
D. Masson , B. Abdallah , F. Willot , D. Jeulin , E. Mercadelli , A. Sanson , A. Chesnaud , A. Thorel ECS Transactions Vol. 68/Issue 1 Morphological Modelling of a Metal Foam Supported SOFC Configuration
R.Costa, F. Han, P. Szabo, V. Yurkiv, R. Semerad, S.K. Cheah, L. Dessemond Fuel Cells submitted Performances and Limitations of Metal Supported Cells with Strontium Titanate based Fuel Electrode