Durable Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Tri-generation system for low carbon Buildings

TriSOFC
Project Information
Framework Programme: 
FP7
Call for proposals: 
2011
Application area: 
Stationary power production and CHP
Logo: 

Objectives

Design, optimise and build a 1.5 kW low-cost durable LT-SOFC tri-generation prototype, based on the integration of a novel LT-SOFC stack and a desiccant unit.

Parameter Goal:

  • LT-SOFC Power 200-1,500 W
  • System efficiency (based on natural gas) > 90 %
  • Electricity efficiency (based on natural gas) > 45 %
  • Lifetime > 40,000 hours
  • Cost targets < 400 €/kWe

Achievements to date

Deliverable D9.1 - WT9.1 project website – a website has been set up and developed as part of the dissemination work package WP9. Six pages have been set up, home page, TriSOFC system, Project partners, Project news, published work, project gallery. Only documents specified in the description of work (DOW) shall be publicly accessible. Restricted access documents will be shared through the drop box file sharing system https://www.dropbox.com/. All partners have been given access so that files and documents can be shared in a secure site.

Impact

Dissemination of work carried out by the consortium will be available through the project website. The website will be updated regularly and information such as publications in peer reviewed journals and international conferences, invitations to lectures and presentations by the partners, news items in the local, national and international media outlets.

Overview

Due to the increasing concern over the provision of future energy and global warming, there is a significant interest in the development of alternative clean energy sources and efficient power generators. Buildings consume over 40% of the world’s primary energy used for cooling, heat and power, and most of it is from electricity generated at centralised power stations, where at present up to 70% of available energy is lost. Reducing the energy consumption of buildings can make a substantial contribution towards attaining the European Union’s 20/20/20 targets and at least 80% reduction in its carbon dioxide emissions by 2050.

One of the more promising possibilities for this future energy generation is the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), which uses the hydrogen from the gas stream to generate electricity through chemical reactions in the anodes, and the only by-product is water vapour and a modest amount of carbon dioxide. This is more efficient than simply combusting the fuel. A CHP (combined heat and power) technology using SOFC could improve system efficiency up to 90%.

Unfortunately, the durability and lifetime of the SOFC system needs to be addressed.. Sulfur poisoning and carbon deposition from methane are two major problems inhibiting application of conventional SOFCs. High operating temperature is another considerable challenge. One of the applicants, KTH, has made a breakthrough in low temperature SOFC materials based on nanocomposite able to operate at temperatures as low as 500 °C.

Desiccant systems are used primarily where simultaneous maintenance of temperature and humidity control is important. This technology is often used in tri-generation, where the desiccant system is driven by the waste heat. If the waste heat from SOFCs is used to drive the desiccant unit, then a tri-generation system will result, supplying not only the power and heat as the conventional CHP technology to the buildings, but also cooling and humidity controlling.

Project details
Project reference: 
303454
Topic: 
SP1-JTI-FCH.2011.3.4 Proof-of-concept fuel cell systems
Project type: 
Research and technological development
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Wednesday, August 1, 2012
End date: 
Friday, July 31, 2015
Duration: 
36 months
Project cost: 
€ 2,727,219.06
Project funding: 
€ 1,481,391
Coordinator: 

The University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, UK

Contact: 
Prof Saffa Riffat
Other participating organisations: 
Organisation Country
Kungliga Tekniska Hoegskolan (KTH) Sweden
The University of Birmingham (UBHAM) UK
Instituto de Engenharia Mecanica (IDMEC) Portugal
INEGI - INSTITUTO DE CIENCIA E INOVACAO EM ENGENHARIA MECANICA E ENGENHARIA INDUSTRIAL (INEGI) PORTUGAL
Vestel Savunma Sanayi AS (VSS) Turkey
Przedsiebiorstwo Innowacy Jno-wdrozeniowe Complex SP Zoo (COMPLEX) Poland
Swerea IVF AB (IVF) Sweden

 

Patents and Publications
Publications: 
Theo Elmer , Mark Worall , Shenyi Wu , Saffa B. Riffat Applied Thermal Engineering Vol. 90 Emission and economic performance assessment of a solid oxide fuel cell micro-combined heat and power system in a domestic building
Huiqing Hu , Qizhao Lin , Zhigang Zhu , Xiangrong Liu , Bin Zhu International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Vol. 39/Issue 20 Time-dependent performance change of single layer fuel cell with Li0.4Mg0.3Zn0.3O/Ce0.8Sm0.2O2−δ composite
Theo Elmer , Mark Worall , Shenyi Wu , Saffa B. Riffat Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews Vol. 42 Fuel cell technology for domestic built environment applications: State of-the-art review
Bin Zhu , Peter D. Lund , Rizwan Raza , Ying Ma , Liangdong Fan , Muhammad Afzal , Janne Patakangas , Yunjun He , Yufeng Zhao , Wenyi Tan , Qiu-An Huang , Jun Zhang , Hao Wang Advanced Energy Materials Vol. 5/Issue 8 Schottky Junction Effect on High Performance Fuel Cells Based on Nanocomposite Materials
Huiqing Hu , Qizhao Lin , Afzal Muhammad , Bin Zhu Journal of Power Sources Vol. 286 Electrochemical study of lithiated transition metal oxide composite for single layer fuel cell
Yanyan Liu , Yongfu Tang , Zhaohui Ma , Manish Singh , Yunjuan He , Wenjing Dong , Chunwen Sun , Bin Zhu Scientific Reports Vol. 5 Flowerlike CeO2 microspheres coated with Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5Ox nanoparticles for an advanced fuel cell
Muhammad Afzal , Rizwan Raza , Shangfeng Du , Raquel Bohn Lima , Bin Zhu Electrochimica Acta Vol. 178 Synthesis of Ba0.3Ca0.7Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ composite material as novel catalytic cathode for ceria-carbonate electrolyte fuel cells
Huiqing Hu , Qizhao Lin , Zhigang Zhu , Bin Zhu , Xianrong Liu Journal of Power Sources Vol. 248 Fabrication of electrolyte-free fuel cell with Mg0.4Zn0.6O/Ce0.8Sm0.2O2−δ–Li0.3Ni0.6Cu0.07Sr0.03O2−δ layer
Bin Zhu , Liangdong Fan , Yufeng Zhao , Wenyi Tan , Dingbang Xiong , Hao Wang RSC Advances Vol. 4/Issue 20 Functional semiconductor–ionic composite GDC–KZnAl/LiNiCuZnOx for single-component fuel cell
Liangdong Fan , Ying Ma , Xiaodi Wang , Manish Singh , Bin Zhu Journal of Materials Chemistry A Vol. 2/Issue 15 Understanding the electrochemical mechanism of the core–shell ceria–LiZnO nanocomposite in a low temperature solid oxide fuel cell
Ying Ma , Manish Singh , Xiaodi Wang , Fan Yang , Qiuan Huang , Bin Zhu International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Vol. 39/Issue 30 Study on GDC-KZnAl composite electrolytes for low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells
Yufeng Zhao , Yunjuan He , Liangdong Fan , Jing He , Ding-Bang Xiong , Faming Gao , Bin Zhu International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Vol. 39/Issue 23 Synthesis of hierarchically porous LiNiCuZn-oxide and its electrochemical performance for low-temperature fuel cells
Cai Pan , Wenyi Tan , Jiangang Lu , Bin Zhu International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Vol. 39/Issue 33 Microstructure and catalytic activity of Li0.15Ni0.25Cu0.3Zn0.3O2−δ-Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9-carbonate nanocomposite materials functioning as single component fuel cell
Bin Zhu , Liangdong Fan , Yunjun He , Yufeng Zhao , Hao Wang Materials Letters Vol. 126 A commercial lithium battery LiMn-oxide for fuel cell applications
Mingming Chen , Hongjuan Zhang , Liangdong Fan , Chengyang Wang , Bin Zhu International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Vol. 39/Issue 23 Ceria-carbonate composite for low temperature solid oxide fuel cell: Sintering aid and composite effect
Liangdong Fan , Chengyang Wang , Mingming Chen , Bin Zhu Journal of Power Sources Vol. 234 Recent development of ceria-based (nano)composite materials for low temperature ceramic fuel cells and electrolyte-free fuel cells
Bin Zhu , Peter Lund , Rizwan Raza , Janne Patakangas , Qiu-An Huang , Liangdong Fan , Manish Singh Nano Energy Vol. 2/Issue 6 A new energy conversion technology based on nano-redox and nano-device processes
Liangdong Fan , Hongjuan Zhang , Mingming Chen , Chengyang Wang , Hao Wang , Manish Singh , Bin Zhu International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Vol. 38/Issue 26 Electrochemical study of lithiated transition metal oxide composite as symmetrical electrode for low temperature ceramic fuel cells
Bora Timurkutluk , Cigdem Timurkutluk , Mahmut D. Mat , Yuksel Kaplan International Journal of Energy Research Vol. 36/Issue 15 Development of high-performance anode supported solid oxide fuel cell
Bora Timurkutluk , Selahattin Celik , Cigdem Timurkutluk , Mahmut D. Mat , Yuksel Kaplan International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Vol. 37/Issue 18 Novel electrolytes for solid oxide fuel cells with improved mechanical properties
Bora Timurkutluk , Selahattin Celik , Serkan Toros , Cigdem Timurkutluk , Mahmut D. Mat , Yuksel Kaplan Ceramics International Vol. 38/Issue 7 Effects of electrolyte pattern on mechanical and electrochemical properties of solid oxide fuel cells
Selahattin Celik , Bora Timurkutluk , Mahmut D. Mat International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Vol. 38/Issue 25 Measurement of the temperature distribution in a large solid oxide fuel cell short stack
Yuksel Palaci , Bora Timurkutluk International Journal of Energy Research Vol. 37/Issue 6 Design and fabrication of stair-step-type electrolyte structure for solid oxide fuel cells
Berceste Beyribey , Bora Timurkutluk , Tuğrul Y. Ertuğrul , Çiğdem Timurkutluk , Mahmut D. Mat Ceramics International Vol. 39/Issue 6 Electrochemical behaviour and sulfur tolerance of VxMo(1−x)Oy as solid oxide fuel cell anode
Abdullah Mat , Bora Timurkutluk , Cigdem Timurkutluk , Yuksel Kaplan Ceramics International Vol. 40/Issue 6 Effects of ceramic based pastes on electrochemical performance of solid oxide fuel cells
Bora Timurkutluk , Mahmut D. Mat Journal of Power Sources Vol. 258 Effects of anode fabrication parameters on the performance and redox behavior of solid oxide fuel cells
Selahattin Celik , Bora Timurkutluk , Serkan Toros , Cigdem Timurkutluk Ceramics International Vol. 41/Issue 7 Mechanical and electrochemical behavior of novel electrolytes based on partially stabilized zirconia for solid oxide fuel cells
Bora Timurkutluk , Yelda Ciflik , Hatice Korkmaz Ceramics International Vol. 41/Issue 5 Strength evaluation of glass–ceramic composites containing yttria stabilized zirconia after thermal cycling
Bora Timurkutluk Ceramics International Vol. 41/Issue 2 The role of lamination conditions on electrochemical and mechanical performance of ceramic electrolytes for solid oxide fuel cells
B. Timurkutluk , M. D. Mat Fuel Cells Vol. 15/Issue 1 A Performance Prediction Tool for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells after Single Redox Cycle
Muhammad Afzal , Rizwan Raza , Shangfeng Du , Raquel Bohn Lima , Bin Zhu Electrochimica Acta Vol. 178 Synthesis of Ba0.3Ca0.7Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ composite material as novel catalytic cathode for ceria-carbonate electrolyte fuel cells
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