Development of a Portable Internal Reforming Methanol High Temperature PEM Fuel Cell System

IRMFC
Project Information
Framework Programme: 
FP7
Call for proposals: 
2012
Application area: 
Early markets
Logo: 

The complexity of the balance of plant of a fuel cell-fuel processor unit challenges the design/development/demonstration of compact and user friendly fuel cell power systems for portable applications. An Internal Reforming Methanol Fuel Cell (IRMFC) stack poses a highly potential technological challenge for High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (HT-PEMFCs) in portable applications. It aims at opening new scientific and engineering prospects, which may allow easier market penetration of the fuel cells.

The core of innovation of IRMFC is the incorporation of a methanol reforming catalyst in the anode compartment or in between the bipolar plates of a High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (HT-PEMFC). In order to obtain an economically technologically viable solution, low-cost materials with certain functional specifications within 200-220oC (electrolytes, catalysts and bipolar plates) and production techniques, with easy maintenance and high durability will be employed.

Taking advantage of the innovative outcomes of the ending FCH-JU IRAFC 245202 project, the functionality of MeOH-fuelled integrated 100 W system will be demonstrated. IRMFC partnership brings together specialists in catalysis (FORTH, UMCS, ZBT, IMM), HT polymer electrolytes (UPAT, ADVENT, FORTH), as well as the technological know-how to design, construct and test balance-of-plant components and HT-PEMFC stacks (IMM, ZBT, ENERFUEL, JRC-IET, ADVENT). Special role is adapted throughout the project for end-user/system integrators (ENERFUEL, ARPEDON) with respect to emerging portable applications. In particular Advent’s joint development with HT PEM dedicated and recognized industrial partners like Enerfuel (USA) gives the ability to adopt and integrate the advanced technological know-how of the two companies toward the manufacture of a product that will have all assets to penetrate fuel cell early market business.

Project details
Project reference: 
325358
Topic: 
SP1-JTI-FCH.2012.4.2 - Demonstration of portable generators, back-up power and Uninterruptible Power Systems and SP1-JTI-FCH.2012.4.4 - Demonstration of portable fuel cell systems for various applications
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Wednesday, May 1, 2013
End date: 
Monday, October 31, 2016
Duration: 
36 months (originally), extended to 42 months
Project cost: 
€ 3,440,043.65
Project funding: 
€ 1,586,038
Coordinator: 

FOUNDATION FOR RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY HELLAS, Greece

Contact: 
Mr. George Avgouropoulos
Other participating organisations: 
Organisation Country
ADVANCED ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES AE EREUNAS & ANAPTYXIS YLIKON & PROIONTONANANEOSIMON PIGON ENERGEIAS & SYNAFON SYMVOULEFTIKON Y PIRESION*ADVEN Greece
UNIWERSYTET MARII CURIE-SKLODOWSKIEJ Poland
(INSTITUT FUER MIKROTECHNIK MAINZ GMBH) Germany
UNIVERSITY OF PATRAS Greece
ZENTRUM FUR BRENNSTOFFZELLEN-TECHNIK GMBH Germany
JRC-JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE- EUROPEAN COMMISSION Belgium
ENERFUEL INC United States
ARPEDON METRITIKES DIATAXEIS KAI ORGANA MICHANIMATA YPRESIES EPE Greece
Fraunhofer Gesellschaft Germany
Patents and Publications
Publications: 
Alloys in catalysis: phase separation and surface segregation phenomena in response to the reactive environment Spiros Zafeiratos, Simone Piccinin and Detre Teschner Spiros Zafeiratos, Simone Piccinin and Detre Teschner; Alloys in catalysis: phase separation and surface segregation phenomena in response to the reactive environment Catalysis Science and Technology
Cross linked high temperature polymer electrolytes through oxadiazole bond formation and their applications in HT PEM fuel cellsCross linked high temperature polymer electrolytes through oxadiazole bond formation and their applications in HT PEM fuel cells Christina I. Morfopoulou, Aikaterini K. Andreopoulou, Maria K. Daletou, Stylianos G. Neophytides and Joannis K. Kallitsis Christina I. Morfopoulou, Aikaterini K. Andreopoulou, Maria K. Daletou, Stylianos G. Neophytides and Joannis K. K
Cross-Linking of Side Chain Unsaturated Aromatic Polyethers for High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Applications Konstantinia D. Papadimitriou, Fotis Paloukis, Stylianos G. Neophytides, and Joannis K. Kallitsis Konstantinia D. Papadimitriou, Fotis Paloukis, Stylianos G. Neophytides, and Joannis K. Kallitsis; Cross-Linking of Side Chain Unsaturated Aromatic Polyethers for High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Applications Macromolecules
CuMnOx catalysts for internal reforming methanol fuel cells: Application aspects Joan Papavasiliou, George Avgouropoulos, Theophilos Ioannides Joan Papavasiliou, George Avgouropoulos, Theophilos Ioannides; CuMnOx catalysts for internal reforming methanol fuel cells: Application aspects International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Development of an Internal Reforming Methanol Fuel Cell: Concept, Challenges and Opportunities G. Avgouropoulos. T. Ioannides, J.K. kallitsis, S. Neophytides G. Avgouropoulos. T. Ioannides, J.K. kallitsis, S. Neophytides; Development of an Internal Reforming Methanol Fuel Cell: Concept, Challenges and Opportunities Chemical Engineering Journal
Methanol Steam Reforming over Indium-Promoted Pt/Al2O3 Catalyst: Nature of the Active Surface Roland L. Barbosa, Vasiliki Papaefthimiou, Yeuk T. Law, Detre Teschner, Michael Hävecker, Axel Knop-Gericke, Ralf Zapf, Gunther Kolb, Robert Schlögl Roland L. Barbosa, Vasiliki Papaefthimiou, Yeuk T. Law, Detre Teschner, Michael Hävecker, Axel Knop-Gericke, Ralf Zapf, Gunther Kolb, Robert Schlögl; Methanol Steam Reforming over Indium-Promoted Pt/Al2O3 Catalyst: Nature of the Active Surface Journal of Ph
Microchannel Fuel Processors as Hydrogen Source for Fuel Cells in Distributed Energy Supply Systems G. Kolb, S. Keller , M. O’Connell , S. Pecov , J. Schuerer , B. Spasova , D. Tiemann , and A. Ziogas G. Kolb, S. Keller , M. O’Connell , S. Pecov , J. Schuerer , B. Spasova , D. Tiemann , and A. Ziogas; Microchannel Fuel Processors as Hydrogen Source for Fuel Cells in Distributed Energy Supply Systems Energy and Fuels
Performance of internal reforming methanol fuel cell under various methanol/water concentrations G. Avgouropoulos, S. G. Neophytides G. Avgouropoulos, S. G. Neophytides; Performance of internal reforming methanol fuel cell under various methanol/water concentrations Journal of Applied Electrochemistry
Side chain crosslinking of aromatic polyethers for high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell applications Andrea Vöge, Valadoula A. Deimede, Joannis K. Kallitsis Andrea Vöge, Valadoula A. Deimede, Joannis K. Kallitsis; Side chain crosslinking of aromatic polyethers for high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell applications Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
The effect of structural variations on aromatic polyethers for high temperature PEM fuel cells Christina Morfopoulou, Aikaterini K. Andreopoulou, Joannis K. Kallitsis Christina Morfopoulou, Aikaterini K. Andreopoulou, Joannis K. Kallitsis; The effect of structural variations on aromatic polyethers for high temperature PEM fuel cells Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Thermal crosslinking of aromatic polyethers bearing pyridine groups for use as high temperature polymer electrolytes Ioannis Kalamaras, Maria K. Daletou, Stylianos G. Neophytides, Joannis K. Kallitsis Ioannis Kalamaras, Maria K. Daletou, Stylianos G. Neophytides, Joannis K. Kallitsis; Thermal crosslinking of aromatic polyethers bearing pyridine groups for use as high temperature polymer electrolytes Journal of Membranes Science
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