Biogas membrane reformer for decentralized hydrogen production

BIONICO
Project Information
Framework Programme: 
H2020
Call for proposals: 
2014
Project Pillar: 
Energy
Logo: 

BIONICO will develop, build and demonstrate at a real biogas plant (TRL6) a novel reactor concept integrating H2 production and separation in a single vessel. The hydrogen production capacity will be of 100 kg/day.By using the novel intensified reactor, direct conversion of biogas to pure hydrogen is achieved in a single step, which results in an increase of the overall efficiency and strong decrease of volumes and auxiliary heat management units. The BIONICO process will demonstrate to achieve an overall efficiency up to 72% thanks to the process intensification. In particular, by integrating the separation of hydrogen in situ during the reforming reaction, the methane in the biogas will be converted to hydrogen at a much lower temperature compared with a conventional system, due to the shifting effect on the equilibrium conversion.The fluidization of the catalyst makes also possible to (i) overcome problems with temperature control (formation of hotspots or too low temperature), (ii) to operate with smaller particles while still maintaining very low pressure drops and (iii) to overcome any concentration polarization issue associated with more conventional fixed bed membrane reactors. Dedicated tests with different biogas composition will be carried out to show the flexibility of the process with respect to the feedstock type.Compared with any other membrane reactor project in the past, BIONICO will demonstrate the membrane reactor at a much larger scale, so that more than 100 membranes will be implemented in a single fluidized bed membrane reactor, making BIONICO’sIn this way a more easy operation can be carried out so that a stable pure hydrogen production can be achieved. BIONICO project is based upon knowledge and experience directly gained in three granted projects: ReforCELL, FERRET and FluidCELL.

Project details
Project reference: 
671459
Topic: 
FCH-02.2-2014 Decentralized hydrogen production from clean CO2-containing biogas
Contract type: 
Collaborative Project
Start date: 
Tuesday, September 1, 2015
End date: 
Thursday, February 28, 2019
Duration: 
36 months (originally), extended to 42 months
Project cost: 
€ 3,396,391.00
Project funding: 
€ 3,147,640.00
Coordinator: 

POLITECNICO DI MILANO, ITALY

Other participating organisations: 
FUNDACION TECNALIA RESEARCH & INNOVATION SPAIN
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT EINDHOVEN THE NETHERLANDS
JOHNSON MATTHEY PLC UK
(ABENGOA HIDROGENO SA) SPAIN
QUANTIS SARL SWITZERLAND
RAUSCHERT KLOSTER VEILSDORF GMBH GERMANY
ENC POWER LDA PORTUGAL
ICI CALDAIE SPA IT

 

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